The utilization of research plays an important role in nursing knowledge and it is essential for the continued improvement of patient care. It has become apparent that it is one of the most successful ways to develop evidence practice (EBP) to enhance the quality of care that nurses provide to patients (Potter & Perry, 2014). There are many challenges that occur in translating research findings into evidence-based clinical practices. Thus, requires a dissemination plan to successfully transfer findings into practice (LoBiondo et al., 2013; Kerner et al., 2005). Dissemination is a form of communicating findings and focuses on understanding ways to implement an EBP by allowing other researchers to explore what is known about nursing interventions and the impacts the findings will have on the patient’s outcome (Tabak, Khoong, Chambers, & Brownson; Oermann et al., 2008). The utilization of a finding from research in a practice setting is crucial and heavily dependent on a well-informed nursing research study.
It is evident that mental health is one of the most significant demographic trends that require a prioritized necessity because they suffer a high rate of sickness and comorbidity, which affect their quality of life ((Thomson, Chaze, George, & Guruge, 2015; Islam & Oremus, 2014). Many immigrants have an insufficient amount of information regarding mental health services for the fear of stigma and a lack of mental health care services in their countries (Thomson et al., 2015; Islam & Oremus, 2014). There are many literatures on mental health issues among immigrants and the struggles they face moving into a new country in dealing with stressors that lead to ineffective mental health function. However, there has not been enough light shed on a specific ethnic community issue with mental health. Therefore, the study sets out to explore the lived experience of mental health issues among Ghanaian-Canadian immigrants. The study is very significant in its approach as it provides a good foundation and ethnic context for health care professionals to be culturally sensitive and culturally aware of this community’s values and beliefs concerning mental health. When nurses are aware, they will be able to provide culturally competent care to families from this cultural background because mental health is a huge concern within the Ghanaian-Canadian community.
Disseminating requires an in-depth strategy which includes: Publications, conference consultation and training programs (LoBiondo et al., 2013). Therefore, the dissemination plan of the findings in this study will employ several strategies. These strategies will include building an alliance with clinicians and stakeholders to enable supportive and critical discussion of findings and their implications by presenting at conferences and attending policy meetings (Powell et al., 2012). This will strengthen the awareness of mental health among immigrants and help to build networks in implementing the study findings. Another strategy will include creating awareness and gaining exposure by developing summaries in a simplified way for readers (LoBiondo et al., 2013; Powell et al., 2012). This can be accomplished by utilizing social media networks such as Facebook, YouTube, websites, and blogs. This strategy can assist in circulating of the findings and provide an accessibility to educate the public and create awareness of mental health issues within the Ghanaian-Canadian immigrants. Another strategy will include sharing the journey of interventions and finding via a journal of nursing articles, institutional newsletters, and cultural events to help them overcome the stigma and lack of education that surrounds mental health. This action will help nurses to gain an awareness of research findings that might be relevant to this community’s unique needs and promote the growth of EBP by publishing research reports written for clinicians (Powell et al., 2012; Oermann et al., 2007). Lastly, provide training seminars in the implementation of the findings to clinicians (Powell et al., 2012).
Potter, P.A., & Perry, A. G., Stockert, P. A., & Hall, A. M. (2014). Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing (5th Ed.). (pp. 254, 266). Toronto, ON: Elsevier Canada.
Powell, B. J., McMillen, J. C., Proctor, E. K., Carpenter, C. R., Griffey, R. T., Bunger, A. C., & York, J. L. (2012). A compilation of strategies for implementing clinical innovations in health and mental health. Medical care research and review, 69(2), 123-157.
Islam, F. & Oremus, M. (2014). Mixed methods immigrant mental health research in Canada: A systematic review. Journal of Immigrant Minority Health. 16(1), 1284-1289.
Kerner, J., Rimer, B., Emmons, K., Kerner, J., Rimer, B., Emmons, K., & Emmons, K. (2005). Introduction to the special section on dissemination-dissemination research and research dissemination: How can we close the gap? Health Psychology, 24(5), 443-446. doi:10.1037/0278-618.104.22.1683.
LoBiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J. (2013). Nursing research in Canada: Methods, critical appraisal, and utilization (3rd ed.). Toronto, ON: Mosby Elsevier.
Oermann, M. H., Nordstrom, C. K., Wilmes, N. A., Denison, D., Webb, S. A., Featherston, D. E., & Kowalewski, K. (2008). Dissemination of research in clinical nursing journals. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(2), 149-156. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.01975.x.
Tabak, R. G., Khoong, E. C., Chambers, D. A., & Brownson, R. C. (2012). Bridging research and practice: Models for dissemination and implementation research. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 43(3), 337-350. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2012.05.024.
Thomson, M., Chaze, F., George, U., & Guruge, S. (2015). Improving immigrant populations’ access to mental health services in Canada: A review of barriers and recommendations. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 17(6), 1895-1905. doi:10.1007/s10903-015-0175-3